Delhi HC imposes cost on Restaurant and Hotel Associations


The Delhi High Court has imposed ₹1,00,000 cost on National Restaurant Association of India (NRAI) and the Federation of Hotel & Restaurant Associations of India (FHRAI) for complete non-compliance of the directions as per its order dated 12th April, 2023 pertaining to Service Charge. A press release on this matter was issued on 27th July, 2023.

as per Order dated 12th April, 2023, the Court had directed that:-

(i) Both the associations shall file a complete list of all their members who are supporting the present writ petitions by 30th April 2023

(ii) Both the associations shall place their stand and file a specific affidavit on the following aspects:-

(a) Percentage of members who impose service charge as a mandatory condition in their bills

(b) Whether the associations shall have objection in the term service charge being replaced with alternative terminology so as to prevent confusion in the minds of the consumer that the same is not a Government levy such as ‘Staff welfare fund’, ‘Staff welfare contribution’, ‘Staff charges’, ‘Staff welfare charges’, etc.

(c) Percentage of members who are willing to make service charge as voluntary and not mandatory, with option being given to the consumers to make their contribution to the extent that they are voluntarily willing subject to a maximum percentage that may be charged.

The restaurant associations were required to do necessary compliance as per the above-mentioned directions. However, neither of the associations filed the affidavits in terms of the said order.

The Court noted that the clear impression that it gets is that the restaurant associations are in complete non-compliance of the orders dated 12th April, 2023 and had filed the affidavits without serving the respondents properly so as to ensure that the hearing does not proceed before the Court.

It may be mentioned that a number of consumers have complained against forceful collection of service charge on the National Consumer Helpline (NCH). Since the guidelines issued by the CCPA in July, 2022, more than 4,000 complaints have been registered highlighting:

  1. Forcing consumers to pay service charge involuntarily even when they are dissatisfied with the service provided by the restaurant/hotel
  2. Making payment of service charge mandatory
  3.  Portraying service charge as a charge which is levied by or has the approval of the government
  4. Embarrassing and harassing consumers including by bouncers in case they resist paying service charge
  5. Charging exorbitant amount of money in the name of such charge as 15%, 14% etc.
  6. Service charge has also been collected by disguising it by other names such as ‘S/C.’, ‘SC’, ‘S.C.R.’ or ‘S. CHARGE’ etc.   

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