RBI Guidelines on Default Loss Guarantee (DLG) in Digital Lending


RBI on June 08, 2023 has issued Guidelines on Default Loss Guarantee (DLG) in Digital Lending to financial companies. Arrangements between Regulated Entities (REs) and Lending Service Providers (LSPs) or between two REs involving default loss guarantee (DLG), commonly known as FLDG, has been examined by the Bank and it has been decided to permit such arrangements.

DLG arrangements conforming to these guidelines shall not be treated as ‘synthetic securitisation and/or shall also not attract the provisions of ‘loan participation.

The arrangements are permitted subject to following conditions:

  1. RE may enter into DLG arrangements only with a Lending Service Provider (LSP)3/ other RE with which it has entered into an outsourcing (LSP) arrangement. Further, the LSP providing DLG must be incorporated as a company under the Companies Act, 2013.
  2. RE shall ensure that total amount of DLG cover on any outstanding portfolio which is specified upfront shall not exceed five per cent of the amount of that loan portfolio. In case of implicit guarantee arrangements, the DLG Provider shall not bear performance risk of more than the equivalent amount of five per cent of the underlying loan portfolio.
  3. Capital computation, i.e., computation of exposure and application of Credit Risk Mitigation benefits on individual loan assets in the portfolio shall continue to be governed by the extant norms.
  4. The RE shall invoke DLG within a maximum overdue period of 120 days, unless made good by the borrower before that.
  5. The period for which the DLG agreement will remain in force shall not be less than the longest tenor of the loan in the underlying loan portfolio.
  6. The RE shall put in place a mechanism to ensure that LSPs with whom they have a DLG arrangement shall publish on their website the total number of portfolios and the respective amount of each portfolio on which DLG has been offered.
  7. REs shall put in place a Board approved policy before entering into any DLG arrangement. Such policy shall include, at the minimum, the eligibility criteria for DLG provider, nature and extent of DLG cover, process of monitoring and reviewing the DLG arrangement, and the details of the fees, if any, payable to the DLG provider.

Guarantees covered under the following schemes/ entities shall not be covered within the definition of DLG:

  1. Guarantee schemes of Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE), Credit Risk Guarantee Fund Trust for Low Income Housing (CRGFTLIH) and individual schemes under National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company Ltd (NCGTC).
  2. Credit guarantee provided by Bank for International Settlements (BIS), International Monetary Fund (IMF) as well as Multilateral Development Banks as referred to in Paragraph 5.5 of RBI Master Circular on Basel III Capital Regulation dated May 12, 2023.

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